Rolling Stock Market by Component, Product Type (Locomotive, Rapid Transit, Wagon, & Coach), Locomotive Technology (Conventional, Turbocharged, & Maglev), Application (Passenger Transportation & Freight transportation) & Region - Global Forecast to 2027

鉄道車両の世界市場予測(~2027):コンポーネント別、製品別、機関車技術別、用途別、地域別

◆タイトル:Rolling Stock Market by Component, Product Type (Locomotive, Rapid Transit, Wagon, & Coach), Locomotive Technology (Conventional, Turbocharged, & Maglev), Application (Passenger Transportation & Freight transportation) & Region - Global Forecast to 2027
◆商品コード:AT3235-22
◆調査・発行会社:MarketsandMarkets
◆発行日:2022年3月10日
◆ページ数:356
◆レポート形式:PDF / 英語
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【レポートの概要】

マーケッツアンドマーケッツ社は、世界の鉄道車両市場規模が、2022年538億ドルから2027年648億ドルまで年平均3.8%成長すると予測しています。本調査レポートは、鉄道車両の世界市場について調査し、イントロダクション、調査手法、エグゼクティブサマリー、プレミアムインサイト、市場概要、技術分析、コンポーネント別(列車制御システム、パンタグラフ、車軸、ホイールセット、トラクションモーター)分析、機関車技術別(従来型機関車、ターボチャージ機関車、磁気浮上式鉄道)分析、製品別(機関車、高速輸送、コーチ、ワゴン、その他)分析、用途別(旅客輸送、貨物輸送)分析、地域別分析、競争状況、企業情報など、以下の構成でまとめております。
・イントロダクション
・調査手法
・エグゼクティブサマリー
・プレミアムインサイト
・市場概要
・技術分析
・世界の鉄道車両市場規模:コンポーネント別(列車制御システム、パンタグラフ、車軸、ホイールセット、トラクションモーター)
・世界の鉄道車両市場規模:機関車技術別(従来型機関車、ターボチャージ機関車、磁気浮上式鉄道)
・世界の鉄道車両市場規模:製品別(機関車、高速輸送、コーチ、ワゴン、その他)
・世界の鉄道車両市場規模:用途別(旅客輸送、貨物輸送)
・世界の鉄道車両市場規模:地域別
・競争状況
・企業情報

“The global rolling stock market size is projected to grow from USD 53.8 billion in 2022 to USD 64.8 billion by 2027, at a CAGR of 3.8%.”
Increase in demand for green transportation, coupled with rising concern over degradation of air quality led several investments for railway electrification, development of hydrogen fuel cell locomotive & battery-electric locomotives and others, which is claimed to produce less emission. Apart from this, high speed and affordable mode of transport has become the necessity of urban areas to fulfil the daily need of public, which fuels the investment for rapid transit projects acoss the globe. These projects are expected to open various new opportunities for the key players operating in the rolling stock market.
COVID 19 had significant impact on the rolling stock market. In 2020, governments of different regions announced total lockdowns and temporary shutdowns of industries, which affected the overall production processes and hindered the rolling stock market globally. In 2020, the industry witnessed a decline of around 13% in the sales of rail vehicles due to the COVID-19. However, in 2021, the market witnessed signs of recovery and already exceeded the total number of new orders for new rolling stock during the first six months. Additionally, in 2021, the impact of COVID-19 was negligible, and the manufacturing industries resumed their operations, which brought the economy and the demand for new rolling stocks again back on track. However, the shortage of electronic chips and semiconductors hampered the production process in 2021. Currently, modern trains are equipped with safety features, which require software coding and sensors, thereby the shortage of electronic components and semiconductor chips have delayed the entire production process. According to industry experts, the effect of this situation is expected to last till the second quarter of 2022.

“High loading capacity, low cost and shorter transportation time are the factors fuelling the growth for freight transportation globally.”
The freight transportation segment is expected to be the largest and fastest-growing segment by application type in the rolling stock market. The increasing need for effective transportation of industrial as well as commercial goods is boosting the growth of the rolling stock market for freight transportation. Rail transportation is more efficient and cost-effective than other modes of transportation. Therefore, various countries are promoting the use of rolling stock for freight transportation. For example, in 2020, France announced doubling freight transportation from 9% in 2020 to 18% by 2030. Globally, the adoption of rolling stock for freight transportation is gradually increasing owing to the high efficiency and low cost of transportation. The Indian government has allocated a total fund of USD 18.22 billion to the Ministry of Indian Railways for 2022-23. China has plans to develop a rail network in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region with an investment worth USD 154 billion to support urbanization and the economy. These investments in railways are expected to provide growth opportunities for the rolling stock market in future. The freight application of rolling stock is expected to generate higher revenues for train operating authorities. Furthermore, several technological advancements in the field of freight locomotive is also expected to provide new growth opportunities for the market. For instance, Wabtec Corporation developed the FLXdrive battery-electric locomotive in the US and completed its testing in 2021 for freight transportation.

“Rapid electrification of electrical networks are driving the demand for electric locomotives globally”
There is an increase in the electrification of railway tracks globally, owing to reduced vehicle emissions and operating costs. There are several advantages of electric locomotives over diesel locomotives, such as lower emission, less maintenance, and lower fuel cost. Electric locomotives are free from smoke and flue gas and are equipped with a traction motor, which enables quick acceleration. These features are significantly propelling the demand for electric locomotives in the rolling stock market all over the world. Heavy investments have been made for the electrification of railway networks due to the rising concerns regarding CO2 emissions and to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels. This increased the growth rate of electrified rail networks and electric locomotives, especially in Asia Oceania. For instance, Indian Railways is planning to electrify railway networks to 100% by 2023. Moreover, the presence of reputed rolling stock manufacturers like CRRC Corporation Limited, Alstom SA, and Hyundai Rotem Company have also augmented the demand for electric locomotives in this region.

“Rapid urbanization, growing workforce in metro cities, increasing traffic congestion are the factor driving the demand for metro rails globally”
The current limitations of transport infrastructure in the developed as well as emerging economies have fueled the development of new and existing rail lines. Increasing traffic and population in urban areas have boosted the demand for eco-friendly transit options from commuters as well as governments. Urban rail transit is superior to other modes of public transport in terms of cost and efficiency. Based on application, this report segments the rapid transit market into DMUs, EMUs, light rails/trams, and subways/metros. Subways/metros are urban transits used for intracity travel with limited passenger capacity. Thereby, the rising demand for efficient transportation, shorter journey time, and increasing traffic jams are driving the demand for metros, especially in metros and tier-1 cities globally. Moreover, several investment in urban transit projects are providing growth opportunities to the market. For instance, in 2022, The Indian government allocated a fund of USD 3,200 million for Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) and metro projects.

“Owing to the presence of reputed global OEMs and availability of large production base Asia Oceania region expected to dominate the rolling stock market globally.”
Asia Oceania is expected to account for the largest market share in terms of volume by 2027. Significant urbanization coupled with significant volumes of goods transported through rail, increased demand for the metro rail network, and dedicated railway freight corridors are the factors driving the demand for rolling stocks in this region. Apart from this, owing to increased production, domestic demand, capacity expansions by rolling stock manufacturers and larger order intake volume, the region dominates the rolling stock market globally. This increase in production helps to cope with the rising demand for rail transportation and concerns related to fuel-efficiency norms and regulations. In addition to domestic markets, there is an increase in demand from international markets. For example, in February 2021, CRRC Corporation Limited won a supply contract of supplying 10 diesel locomotives to KiwiRail of New Zealand, and the company won a supply contract of supplying 100 trams to Bucharest Town Hall of Romania in the same year. Moreover, the region comprises some of the fastest-growing economies in the world including China and India, offering opportunities for rolling stock manufacturers. Governments in these countries have recognized the growth potential of the rolling stock market.

In-depth interviews were conducted with CEOs, marketing directors, sales managers, and executives from various key organizations operating in the rolling stock market. The break-up of the primaries is as follows:
• By Company Type: OEMs – 40%, Tier 1 Suppliers – 42%, and others – 18%,
• By Designation: CXOs– 23%, Manager – 43%, and Executives – 34%
• By Region: Europe – 25%, Asia Pacific – 35%, North America – 20%, MEA-15% and RoW – 5%

The rolling stock market comprises major manufacturers such as CRRC Corporation Limited (China), Alstom SA (France), Siemens AG (Germany), Wabtec Corporation (US), Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan), Stadler Rail AG (Switzerland), CAF Group (Spain), Hyundai Rotem Company (South Korea), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering, Ltd. (Japan), Talgo (Spain), Transmashholding (Russia), etc.

Research Coverage:
The study covers the rolling stock market across various segments. It aims at estimating the market size and future growth potential of this market across different segments such as application type, locomotive technology type, component type, product type, and region. The study also includes an in-depth competitive analysis of key players in the market, along with their company profiles, key observations related to product and business offerings, recent developments, and acquisitions.

Key Benefits of Buying the Report:
• The report will help leaders/new entrants in this market with information on the closest approximations of the revenue numbers for the overall rolling stock market.
• The report will help stakeholders key rail projects and investments across different countries
• This report will help stakeholders understand the competitive landscape and gain more insights to better position their businesses and plan suitable go-to-market strategies.
• The report also helps stakeholders understand the pulse of the market and provides them with information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.

【レポートの目次】

1 INTRODUCTION 27
1.1 STUDY OBJECTIVES 27
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 27
1.3 MARKET SCOPE 29
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 29
FIGURE 1 ROLLING STOCK MARKET SEGMENTATION 29
1.3.2 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS 29
TABLE 1 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS FOR STUDY OF ROLLING STOCK MARKET 29
1.3.3 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 31
1.4 CURRENCY & PRICING 31
1.5 STAKEHOLDERS 32
1.6 SUMMARY OF CHANGES 32
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 33
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 33
FIGURE 2 RESEARCH DESIGN 33
FIGURE 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY MODEL 34
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 34
2.1.1.1 List of key secondary sources 35
2.1.1.2 Key data from secondary sources 36
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 36
FIGURE 4 BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS 37
2.1.2.1 List of primary participants 37
2.2 MARKET ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY 38
FIGURE 5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: HYPOTHESIS BUILDING 38
2.3 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 39
2.3.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 39
FIGURE 6 ROLLING STOCK MARKET SIZE: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 39
2.3.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 40
FIGURE 7 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY FOR ROLLING STOCK MARKET: TOP-DOWN APPROACH 40
FIGURE 8 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN & METHODOLOGY 40
FIGURE 9 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ILLUSTRATION OF ALSTOM SA REVENUE ESTIMATION 41
2.4 DATA TRIANGULATION 42
FIGURE 10 DATA TRIANGULATION METHODOLOGY 42

2.5 FACTOR ANALYSIS 43
2.5.1 FACTOR ANALYSIS FOR MARKET SIZING: DEMAND AND SUPPLY SIDES 43
2.6 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 44
2.7 RESEARCH LIMITATIONS 45
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 46
FIGURE 11 ROLLING STOCK MARKET OVERVIEW 46
FIGURE 12 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 47
FIGURE 13 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 48
FIGURE 14 KEY PLAYERS OPERATING IN ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION 49
4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 51
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN ROLLING STOCK MARKET 51
FIGURE 15 INCREASED INVESTMENTS IN RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS EXPECTED TO DRIVE THE MARKET FOR ROLLING STOCKS 51
4.2 ROLLING STOCK MARKET SHARE, BY REGION 52
FIGURE 16 ASIA OCEANIA ESTIMATED TO ACCOUNT FOR LARGEST SHARE OF ROLLING STOCK MARKET IN 2022 52
4.3 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE 52
FIGURE 17 RAPID TRANSIT SEGMENT EXPECTED TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 52
4.4 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION 53
FIGURE 18 FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION SEGMENT EXPECTED TO LEAD MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 53
4.5 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 53
FIGURE 19 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES SEGMENT PROJECTED TO GROW AT HIGHER CAGR FROM 2022 TO 2027 53
5 MARKET OVERVIEW 54
5.1 INTRODUCTION 54
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 55
FIGURE 20 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS 55
5.2.1 DRIVERS 55
5.2.1.1 Increasing preference towards railway-based public transport as a means of reducing traffic congestion 55
FIGURE 21 DRIVING TIME SPENT IN TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN US, BY CITY, 2021 55
5.2.1.2 Rising demand for energy-efficient transport 56
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL CO2 EMISSIONS FROM DIFFERENT TRANSPORT SEGMENTS, 2000-2030 56
5.2.1.3 Increasing demand for comfort and safety 57
5.2.1.4 Increasing electrification of railway networks 57
FIGURE 23 ENERGY DEMAND IN GLOBAL RAILWAY INDUSTRY, 2017-2050 58
5.2.1.5 Growth in rolling stock order 58
FIGURE 24 NEW ROLLING STOCK ORDERS, BY REGION, BY VOLUME (UNITS), 2020-2021(FIRST SIX MONTHS) 59
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 59
5.2.2.1 Refurbishment of existing rolling stock 59
5.2.2.2 Capital-intensive rolling stock 60
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 60
5.2.3.1 Big data applications in rail industry 60
5.2.3.2 Increase in industrial and mining activities 60
FIGURE 25 DIFFERENT MODES OF FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION 61
5.2.3.3 Development of hydrogen fuel cell locomotives 61
5.2.3.4 Development of battery-operated trains 62
5.2.3.5 Development of solar power trains 62
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 63
5.2.4.1 High overhaul and maintenance costs 63
5.2.4.2 Requirement of high R&D investments 63
5.2.4.3 Sustained impact of COVID-19 on passenger transportation 63
5.2.5 IMPACT OF MARKET DYNAMICS 64
TABLE 2 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: IMPACT OF MARKET DYNAMICS 64
5.3 PESTLE ANALYSIS 65
5.3.1 POLITICAL FACTORS 65
5.3.1.1 Europe 65
5.3.1.2 Asia Oceania 65
5.3.1.3 North America 65
5.3.1.4 Rest of the World (RoW) 66
5.3.1.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA) 66
5.3.2 ECONOMIC FACTORS 66
5.3.2.1 Europe 66
5.3.2.2 Asia Oceania 66
5.3.2.3 North America 66
5.3.2.4 Rest of the World (RoW) 67
5.3.2.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA) 67
5.3.3 SOCIAL FACTORS 67
5.3.3.1 Europe 67
5.3.3.2 Asia Oceania 67
5.3.3.3 North America 67
5.3.3.4 Rest of the World (RoW) 67
5.3.3.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA) 68
5.3.4 TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS 68
5.3.4.1 Europe 68
5.3.4.2 Asia Oceania 68
5.3.4.3 North America 68
5.3.4.4 Rest of the World (RoW) 68
5.3.4.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA) 68

5.3.5 LEGAL FACTORS 69
5.3.5.1 Europe 69
5.3.5.2 Asia Oceania 69
5.3.5.3 North America 69
5.3.5.4 Rest of the World (RoW) 69
5.3.5.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA) 69
5.3.6 ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS 69
5.3.6.1 Europe 69
5.3.6.2 Asia Oceania 70
5.3.6.3 North America 70
5.3.6.4 Rest of the World (RoW) 70
5.3.6.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA) 70
5.4 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES 70
TABLE 3 IMPACT OF PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ON ROLLING STOCK MARKET 70
FIGURE 26 PORTERS FIVE FORCES: ROLLING STOCK MARKET 71
5.4.1 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 71
5.4.2 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 72
5.4.3 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 72
5.4.4 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 72
5.4.5 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 72
5.5 KEY STAKEHOLDERS & BUYING CRITERIA 73
5.5.1 KEY STAKEHOLDERS IN BUYING PROCESS 73
FIGURE 27 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN BUYING TOP 3 APPLICATIONS 73
TABLE 4 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN BUYING TOP 3 ROLLING STOCK PRODUCTS (%) 73
5.5.2 BUYING CRITERIA 74
FIGURE 28 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP 3 PRODUCTS 74
TABLE 5 KEY BUYING CRITERIA OF TOP 3 ROLLING STOCK PRODUCTS 74
5.6 ROLLING STOCK MARKET ECOSYSTEM 75
FIGURE 29 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: ECOSYSTEM ANALYSIS 75
FIGURE 30 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: NEURAL NETWORK 76
TABLE 6 ROLE OF COMPANIES IN ROLLING STOCK ECOSYSTEM 76
5.7 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 77
FIGURE 31 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: ROLLING STOCK MARKET 78
5.7.1 RESEARCH AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT EXECUTIVES 78
5.7.2 RAW MATERIAL/COMPONENT SUPPLIERS 78
5.7.3 ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS 78
5.7.4 TIER II SUPPLIERS 79
TABLE 7 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: SUPPLY CHAIN STAKEHOLDERS AND THEIR STRATEGIES 79
5.8 TRENDS IMPACTING CUSTOMER’S BUSINESS 80
FIGURE 32 TRENDS IMPACTING CUSTOMER’S BUSINESS IN ROLLING STOCK MARKET 80

5.9 PATENT ANALYSIS 80
TABLE 8 PATENT ANALYSIS: ROLLING STOCK MARKET (ACTIVE PATENTS) 80
TABLE 9 PATENT ANALYSIS: ROLLING STOCK MARKET (PENDING PATENTS) 84
5.10 CASE STUDY ANALYSIS 85
5.10.1 EXCAVATION OF BIG ANALOG DATA VALUE: COMPACTRIO & NI INSIGHTCM 85
5.10.2 GOLINC-M MODULES 86
5.10.3 INTELLIGENT ASSET MANAGEMENT (IAM) 86
5.11 PRICE TREND ANALYSIS 87
FIGURE 33 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: PRICING ANALYSIS 87
5.12 TARIFF AND REGULATORY OVERVIEW 87
5.13 IMPORT AND EXPORT DATA 88
FIGURE 34 US: IMPORT AND EXPORT DATA FOR RAILWAYS AND TRAMWAYS, LOCOMOTIVES, ROLLING STOCK, AND PARTS, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 88
FIGURE 35 CHINA: IMPORT AND EXPORT DATA FOR RAILWAYS AND TRAMWAYS, LOCOMOTIVES, ROLLING STOCK, AND PARTS, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 89
5.14 KEY CONFERENCES & EVENTS IN 2022-2023 89
TABLE 10 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: DETAILED LIST OF CONFERENCES & EVENTS 89
5.15 TARIFF AND REGULATORY LANDSCAPE 90
5.15.1 REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 90
TABLE 11 NORTH AMERICA: LIST OF REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 90
TABLE 12 EUROPE: LIST OF REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 91
TABLE 13 ASIA PACIFIC: LIST OF REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 92
TABLE 14 REST OF THE WORLD: LIST OF REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 92
5.16 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: COVID-19 IMPACT 93
5.16.1 ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON RAILWAY INDUSTRY 93
TABLE 15 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON RAILWAY INDUSTRY 93
TABLE 16 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON MARKET PLAYERS 93
5.16.2 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON ROLLING STOCK MARKET 94
5.17 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, MARKET SCENARIOS (2022–2027) 95
FIGURE 36 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: FUTURE TRENDS & SCENARIOS, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 95
5.17.1 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, REALISTIC SCENARIO 95
TABLE 17 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: REALISTIC SCENARIO, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 96
5.17.2 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO 96
TABLE 18 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 96
5.17.3 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO 96
TABLE 19 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 97
6 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS 98
6.1 INTRODUCTION 98
6.2 MAGNETIC LEVITATION TRAINS (MAGLEV) 98
6.2.1 ADVANTAGES OF MAGLEV SYSTEM TRAINS 99
6.2.2 HIGH-SPEED RAILWAY VS. MAGLEV SYSTEMS 100
TABLE 20 HIGH-SPEED RAILWAY VS. MAGLEV RAILWAY SYSTEMS (200-MPH HIGH-SPEED RAILWAY & 250-MPH MAGLEV) 100
6.2.3 ECOLOGICAL IMPACT OF MAGLEV 100
FIGURE 37 SPECIFIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION: ICE TRAIN VS. MAGLEV TRAIN (WATT-HOURS PER SEAT-KM) 101
FIGURE 38 CO2 EMISSIONS: ICE TRAIN VS. MAGLEV TRAIN (GRAMS PER SEAT-KM) 101
6.3 ROLLING STOCK REFURBISHMENT 102
6.3.1 MAJOR CASE STUDIES/PROGRAMS 102
6.3.1.1 Strukton rail program 102
6.3.1.2 Queensland rail stabling program 102
6.3.1.3 Heathrow Express project 102
6.3.1.4 Enterprise refurbishment program 103
6.3.1.5 Belgian national railways 103
6.3.1.6 TXM projects program 103
6.3.1.7 Scotrail alliance 103
6.3.1.8 Eversholt Renatus program 103
6.3.1.9 Refurbishment and maintenance for Belgian National Railways 103
6.3.1.10 Refurbishment and maintenance for NAT (National Authority for Tunnels) Egypt 103
6.3.1.11 Other programs 104
6.3.2 DIGITALIZATION OF RAILWAYS 104
6.3.3 ARTICULATED AND NON-ARTICULATED TRAINS 105
TABLE 21 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ARTICULATED AND NON-ARTICULATED TRAINS 105
6.3.4 TILTING AND NON-TILTING TRAIN 106
6.3.5 AUTONOMOUS TRAINS 106
TABLE 22 LEVEL OF AUTONOMY FOR ROLLING STOCK 107
6.4 KEY OPINION FROM INDUSTRY EXPERTS 107
7 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COMPONENT 108
7.1 INTRODUCTION 108
7.2 TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS 108
7.3 PANTOGRAPHS 109
7.4 AXLES 109
7.5 WHEELSETS 110
7.6 TRACTION MOTORS 110
7.7 PASSENGER INFORMATION SYSTEMS 110
7.8 BRAKES 110
7.9 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS 111
7.10 AUXILIARY POWER SYSTEMS 111
7.11 GEARBOXES 111
7.12 BAFFLE GEAR 111
7.13 COUPLER 111
8 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 112
8.1 INTRODUCTION 113
FIGURE 39 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY,
2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 114
TABLE 23 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 114
TABLE 24 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 114
TABLE 25 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 115
TABLE 26 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 115
8.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 115
TABLE 27 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 115
8.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 116
TABLE 28 ASSUMPTIONS: BY LOCOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 116
8.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 116
8.3 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES 117
8.3.1 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EXPECTED TO BE FASTEST-GROWING MARKET FOR CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES FROM 2022–2027 117
FIGURE 40 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 29 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 118
TABLE 30 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 118
TABLE 31 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 32 CONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 119
8.4 TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVES 119
8.4.1 ASIA OCEANIA EXPECTED TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE IN TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVE MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 119
FIGURE 41 TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVES MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 33 TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 120
TABLE 34 TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 120
TABLE 35 TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 36 TURBOCHARGED LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 121

8.5 MAGLEV 121
TABLE 37 COMPARISON BETWEEN CONVENTIONAL HIGH-SPEED RAIL, MAGLEV AND HYPERLOOP 122
8.5.1 TYPES OF MAGLEV 123
8.5.1.1 Electromagnetic suspension 123
8.5.1.2 Electrodynamic suspension 123
8.5.1.3 Inductrack 123
8.6 KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS 124
9 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE 125
9.1 INTRODUCTION 126
FIGURE 42 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 38 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 127
TABLE 39 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 127
TABLE 40 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 128
TABLE 41 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 128
9.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 128
TABLE 42 ROLLING STOCK OFFERING, BY COMPANY 128
9.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 129
TABLE 43 ASSUMPTIONS: BY PRODUCT TYPE 129
9.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 129
9.3 LOCOMOTIVES 130
FIGURE 43 LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 130
TABLE 44 LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 130
TABLE 45 LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 131
TABLE 46 LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 47 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 131
9.3.1 DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES 132
9.3.1.1 Asia Oceania accounts for largest share of diesel locomotive market 132
TABLE 48 DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 132
TABLE 49 DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 132
TABLE 50 DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 133
TABLE 51 DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 133
9.3.2 ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES 133
9.3.2.1 Asia Oceania accounts for largest share of electric locomotives market during forecast period 133
TABLE 52 ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 134
TABLE 53 ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 134
TABLE 54 ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 134
TABLE 55 ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 135

9.3.3 ELECTRO-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES 135
9.3.3.1 Europe expected to be largest market for electro-diesel during 2022–2027 135
TABLE 56 ELECTRO-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 136
TABLE 57 ELECTRO-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 136
TABLE 58 ELECTRO-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 59 ELECTRO-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 137
9.4 RAPID TRANSIT 137
FIGURE 44 RAPID TRANSIT MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 138
TABLE 60 RAPID TRANSIT MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 138
TABLE 61 RAPID TRANSIT MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 138
TABLE 62 RAPID TRANSIT MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 63 RAPID TRANSIT MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 139
9.4.1 DIESEL MULTIPLE UNITS (DMUS) 139
9.4.1.1 North America expected to be fastest-growing market for DMUS during forecast period 139
TABLE 64 DIESEL MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 140
TABLE 65 DIESEL MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 140
TABLE 66 DIESEL MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 67 DIESEL MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 141
9.4.2 ELECTRIC MULTIPLE UNIT (EMU) 141
9.4.2.1 EUROPE TO DOMINATE EMUS MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 141
TABLE 68 ELECTRIC MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 141
TABLE 69 ELECTRIC MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 142
TABLE 70 ELECTRIC MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 142
TABLE 71 ELECTRIC MULTIPLE UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 142
9.4.3 LIGHT RAILS/TRAMS 143
9.4.3.1 Asia Oceania accounted for largest share of light rails market during forecast period 143
TABLE 72 LIGHT RAILS/TRAMS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 143
TABLE 73 LIGHT RAILS/TRAMS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 143
TABLE 74 LIGHT RAILS/TRAMS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 75 LIGHT RAILS/TRAMS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 144
9.4.4 SUBWAYS/METROS 144
9.4.4.1 Asia Oceania accounted for largest share of metros market 144
TABLE 76 SUBWAYS/METROS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 145
TABLE 77 SUBWAYS/METROS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 145
TABLE 78 SUBWAYS/METROS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 145
TABLE 79 SUBWAYS/METROS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 146
9.4.5 MONORAILS 146

9.5 COACHES 147
9.5.1 HIGH TRAFFIC CONGESTION LED TO RISE IN DEMAND FOR COACHES 147
FIGURE 45 COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 80 COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 148
TABLE 81 COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 148
TABLE 82 COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 83 COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 149
9.6 WAGONS 149
9.6.1 RISE IN DEMAND FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT FREIGHT TRANSPORT DRIVE THIS SEGMENT 149
FIGURE 46 WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 150
TABLE 84 WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 150
TABLE 85 WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 150
TABLE 86 WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 151
TABLE 87 WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 151
9.7 OTHERS 152
9.7.1 HYPERLOOP – THE FUTURE OF TRANSPORTATION 152
9.8 KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS 152
10 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION 153
10.1 INTRODUCTION 154
FIGURE 47 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 154
TABLE 88 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 155
TABLE 89 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 155
TABLE 90 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 155
TABLE 91 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 155
10.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 156
TABLE 92 TYPES OF ROLLING STOCK, BY COMPANY, MODEL, AND APPLICATION 156
10.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 156
TABLE 93 ASSUMPTIONS: BY APPLICATION 156
10.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 157
10.3 PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION 157
FIGURE 48 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 157
TABLE 94 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 158
TABLE 95 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 158
TABLE 96 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 158
TABLE 97 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 158

10.3.1 LOCOMOTIVES 159
10.3.1.1 Asia Oceania accounts for largest share of passenger locomotives market from 2022–2027 159
TABLE 98 PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 159
TABLE 99 PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 159
TABLE 100 PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 160
TABLE 101 PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 160
10.3.2 COACHES 161
10.3.2.1 Asia Oceania expected to hold largest share of passenger coaches market during forecast period 161
TABLE 102 PASSENGER COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 161
TABLE 103 PASSENGER COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 161
TABLE 104 PASSENGER COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 162
TABLE 105 PASSENGER COACHES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 162
10.4 FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION 162
FIGURE 49 FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION SERVICES INDEX, DECEMBER 2018 – DECEMBER 2021 163
FIGURE 50 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION, BY REGION,
2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 163
TABLE 106 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 164
TABLE 107 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 164
TABLE 108 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 164
TABLE 109 ROLLING STOCK MARKET FOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION, BY TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 164
10.4.1 LOCOMOTIVES 165
10.4.1.1 Asia Oceania expected to witness rise in demand for locomotives due to high growth of rail freight transportation 165
TABLE 110 FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 165
TABLE 111 FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 165
TABLE 112 FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 166
TABLE 113 FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVES MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 166
10.4.2 WAGONS 167
10.4.2.1 Asia Oceania to hold largest share of freight wagon market from 2022–2027 167
TABLE 114 FREIGHT WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 167
TABLE 115 FREIGHT WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 167
TABLE 116 FREIGHT WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 168
TABLE 117 FREIGHT WAGONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 168
10.5 KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS 168

11 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION 169
11.1 INTRODUCTION 170
FIGURE 51 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 170
TABLE 118 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 171
TABLE 119 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 171
TABLE 120 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 171
TABLE 121 ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 172
11.2 ASIA OCEANIA 172
11.2.1 EXISTING/UPCOMING RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN ASIA OCEANIA 173
TABLE 122 MAJOR RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN ASIA OCEANIA 173
11.2.2 UPCOMING LIGHT RAIL PROJECTS IN ASIA OCEANIA 174
TABLE 123 PROPOSED LIGHT RAIL PROJECTS IN ASIA OCEANIA 174
11.2.3 UPCOMING HIGH-SPEED RAIL/BULLET TRAIN PROJECTS IN ASIA OCEANIA 174
TABLE 124 MAJOR LIGHT RAIL PROJECTS IN ASIA OCEANIA 174
FIGURE 52 ASIA OCEANIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET SNAPSHOT 175
TABLE 125 ASIA OCEANIA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 176
TABLE 126 ASIA OCEANIA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 176
TABLE 127 ASIA OCEANIA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 176
TABLE 128 ASIA OCEANIA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 177
11.2.4 CHINA 177
11.2.4.1 Increasing investments in railway infrastructure propelling demand for rolling stocks in China 177
TABLE 129 LIST OF RAILWAY PROJECTS UNDER CHINA BELT AND ROAD PROJECTS 177
TABLE 130 CHINA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 179
TABLE 131 CHINA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 179
TABLE 132 CHINA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 180
TABLE 133 CHINA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 180
11.2.5 INDIA 181
11.2.5.1 Rapid electrification and increasing investment to develop a high-speed rail network will drive market 181
TABLE 134 INDIA: LIST OF METRO PROJECTS WITH PLANNED EXPANSION 181
TABLE 135 INDIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 182
TABLE 136 INDIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 183
TABLE 137 INDIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 183
TABLE 138 INDIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 184
11.2.6 JAPAN 184
11.2.6.1 Increasing investment for the purchase of rolling stock will propel market 184
TABLE 139 JAPAN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 185
TABLE 140 JAPAN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 185
TABLE 141 JAPAN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 186
TABLE 142 JAPAN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027(USD MILLION) 186
11.2.7 SOUTH KOREA 187
11.2.7.1 New product developments coupled with government support fueling demand for rolling stocks 187
TABLE 143 SOUTH KOREA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 187
TABLE 144 SOUTH KOREA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 187
TABLE 145 SOUTH KOREA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 188
TABLE 146 SOUTH KOREA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 188
11.2.8 AUSTRALIA 189
11.2.9 MALAYSIA 189
11.3 EUROPE 190
11.3.1 UPCOMING METRO/MONORAIL PROJECTS IN EUROPE 190
TABLE 147 MAJOR METRO/MONORAIL PROJECTS IN EUROPE 190
11.3.2 UPCOMING HIGH-SPEED RAIL/BULLET TRAIN PROJECTS IN EUROPE 191
TABLE 148 PROPOSED HIGH-SPEED RAIL/BULLET TRAIN PROJECTS IN EUROPE 191
11.3.3 UPCOMING RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN EUROPE 192
TABLE 149 MAJOR RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN EUROPE 192
FIGURE 53 EUROPE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET SNAPSHOT 193
TABLE 150 EUROPE ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 194
TABLE 151 EUROPE ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 194
TABLE 152 EUROPE ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 194
TABLE 153 EUROPE ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 195
11.3.4 GERMANY 195
11.3.4.1 Significant investment in railway infrastructure and new product developments expected to drive market in Germany 195
TABLE 154 GERMANY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 195
TABLE 155 GERMANY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 196
TABLE 156 GERMANY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 196
TABLE 157 GERMANY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 197

11.3.5 FRANCE 197
11.3.5.1 Rising investment to upgrade rail infrastructure and R&D programs expected to drive market for rolling stocks 197
TABLE 158 FRANCE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 198
TABLE 159 FRANCE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 198
TABLE 160 FRANCE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 199
TABLE 161 FRANCE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 199
11.3.6 UK 200
11.3.6.1 Rising government investment in rail infrastructure coupled with increasing replacement of old rolling stocks expected to drive market 200
TABLE 162 UK: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 200
TABLE 163 UK: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027(UNITS) 200
TABLE 164 UK: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 201
TABLE 165 UK: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 201
11.3.7 ITALY 202
11.3.7.1 Rising government investment expected to drive demand for rolling stocks in Italy 202
TABLE 166 ITALY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 202
TABLE 167 ITALY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 202
TABLE 168 ITALY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 203
TABLE 169 ITALY: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 203
11.3.8 SPAIN 204
11.3.8.1 Presence of reputed rolling stock manufacturers coupled with existence of longest high-speed rail network will drive market 204
TABLE 170 SPAIN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 204
TABLE 171 SPAIN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 204
TABLE 172 SPAIN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 205
TABLE 173 SPAIN: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 205
11.3.9 SWITZERLAND 206
11.3.10 AUSTRIA 206
11.3.11 SWEDEN 206
11.4 NORTH AMERICA 206
11.4.1 UPCOMING HIGH-SPEED RAIL/BULLET TRAIN PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA 207
TABLE 174 MAJOR HIGH-SPEED RAIL/BULLET TRAIN PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA 207
11.4.2 UPCOMING RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA 207
TABLE 175 MAJOR RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA 207
FIGURE 54 NORTH AMERICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET SNAPSHOT 208
TABLE 176 NORTH AMERICA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 208
TABLE 177 NORTH AMERICA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 209
TABLE 178 NORTH AMERICA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 209
TABLE 179 NORTH AMERICA ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 209
11.4.3 US 210
11.4.3.1 Shift to tier 4 emission standards coupled with demand for battery locomotive expected to drive market 210
TABLE 180 US: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 210
TABLE 181 US: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 211
TABLE 182 US: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 211
TABLE 183 US: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 212
11.4.4 MEXICO 212
11.4.4.1 Rising investments to increase freight loading capacity of Mexico expected drive demand for railway wagons 212
TABLE 184 MEXICO: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 213
TABLE 185 MEXICO: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 213
TABLE 186 MEXICO: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 214
TABLE 187 MEXICO: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 214
11.4.5 CANADA 215
11.4.5.1 Electro-diesel locomotives expected to witness high growth in Canada 215
TABLE 188 CANADA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 215
TABLE 189 CANADA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 216
TABLE 190 CANADA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 216
TABLE 191 CANADA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 217
11.5 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA (MEA) 217
FIGURE 55 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 218
11.5.1 UPCOMING METRO/MONORAIL PROJECTS IN MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 218
TABLE 192 PROPOSED METRO/MONORAIL PROJECTS IN MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 218
11.5.2 UPCOMING RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 219
TABLE 193 PROPOSED RAPID TRANSIT PROJECTS IN MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 219
TABLE 194 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 219
TABLE 195 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 220
TABLE 196 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 220
TABLE 197 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 220
11.5.3 SOUTH AFRICA 221
11.5.3.1 South African market for rolling stock expected to grow due to increased urbanization 221
TABLE 198 SOUTH AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 221
TABLE 199 SOUTH AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 221
TABLE 200 SOUTH AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 222
TABLE 201 SOUTH AFRICA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 222
11.5.4 UAE 223
11.5.4.1 Increase in tourism in UAE attracting more investment towards rapid transit projects and proliferating demand for rolling stock 223
TABLE 202 UAE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 223
TABLE 203 UAE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 223
TABLE 204 UAE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 224
TABLE 205 UAE: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 224
11.5.5 EGYPT 225
11.5.5.1 Electric locomotive expected to account for largest market share in Egypt during forecast period 225
TABLE 206 EGYPT: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 225
TABLE 207 EGYPT: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 225
TABLE 208 EGYPT: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 226
TABLE 209 EGYPT: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 226
11.5.6 IRAN 227

11.6 REST OF THE WORLD (ROW) 227
FIGURE 56 REST OF THE WORLD: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 228
11.6.1 UPCOMING METRO/MONORAIL PROJECTS IN REST OF THE WORLD 228
TABLE 210 MAJOR METRO/MONORAIL PROJECTS IN REST OF THE WORLD 228
TABLE 211 REST OF THE WORLD: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (UNITS) 228
TABLE 212 REST OF THE WORLD: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (UNITS) 229
TABLE 213 REST OF THE WORLD: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 229
TABLE 214 REST OF THE WORLD: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 229
11.6.2 BRAZIL 230
11.6.2.1 Rise in demand for electro-diesel locomotive will drive market during forecast period 230
TABLE 215 BRAZIL: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 230
TABLE 216 BRAZIL: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 231
TABLE 217 BRAZIL: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 231
TABLE 218 BRAZIL: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 232
11.6.3 RUSSIA 232
11.6.3.1 Growth of freight transportation expected to proliferate market of wagons in Russia 232
TABLE 219 RUSSIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (UNITS) 233
TABLE 220 RUSSIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2022–2027 (UNITS) 233
TABLE 221 RUSSIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION) 234
TABLE 222 RUSSIA: ROLLING STOCK MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION) 234
11.6.4 ARGENTINA 235
12 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 236
12.1 OVERVIEW 236
TABLE 223 OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY KEY PLAYERS IN ROLLING STOCK MARKET 236
12.2 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS 238
TABLE 224 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS, 2021 238
FIGURE 57 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS, 2021 238
12.3 REVENUE ANALYSIS OF TOP PLAYERS 240
FIGURE 58 TOP PUBLIC/LISTED PLAYERS IN ROLLING STOCK MARKET DURING LAST THREE YEARS 240
12.4 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING FOR ROLLING STOCK MARKET 240
12.4.1 STARS 240
12.4.2 PERVASIVE 241
12.4.3 EMERGING LEADERS 241
12.4.4 PARTICIPANT 241
FIGURE 59 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: COMPANY EVALUATION MATRIX, 2021 241
12.5 COMPANY EVALUATION QUADRANT 242
TABLE 225 COMPANY REGION FOOTPRINT 242
TABLE 226 COMPANY OFFERING TYPE FOOTPRINT (14 COMPANIES) 242
TABLE 227 COMPANY OFFERING & GEOGRAPHIC FOOTPRINT 243
12.6 SME EVALUATION QUADRANT 244
12.6.1 PROGRESSIVE COMPANIES 244
12.6.2 RESPONSIVE COMPANIES 244
12.6.3 DYNAMIC COMPANIES 244
12.6.4 STARTING BLOCKS 244
FIGURE 60 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: COMPANY EVALUATION MATRIX FOR SMES, 2021 245
12.7 SME EVALUATION QUADRANT 245
TABLE 228 SME REGION FOOTPRINT 245
TABLE 229 SME OFFERING TYPE FOOTPRINT (17 COMPANIES) 246
TABLE 230 SME OFFERING & GEOGRAPHIC FOOTPRINT 247
12.8 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO AND TRENDS 247
12.8.1 PRODUCT LAUNCHES 247
TABLE 231 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2018–2021 248
12.8.2 DEALS 250
TABLE 232 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: DEALS, 2018–2021 250
12.8.3 OTHERS 269
TABLE 233 ROLLING STOCK MARKET: OTHERS, 2018–2021 269
12.9 WINNERS VS. TAIL-ENDERS 270
TABLE 234 WINNERS VS. TAIL-ENDERS 270
13 COMPANY PROFILES 272
13.1 KEY PLAYERS 272
(Business Overview, Products, Recent Developments, MnM View)*
13.1.1 CRRC CORPORATION LIMITED 272
TABLE 235 CRRC CORPORATION LIMITED: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 272
FIGURE 61 CRRC CORPORATION LIMITED: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 273
TABLE 236 CRRC CORPORATION LIMITED: PRODUCTS OFFERED 273
TABLE 237 CRRC CORPORATION LIMITED: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 275
TABLE 238 CRRC CORPORATION LIMITED: DEALS 277
13.1.2 ALSTOM SA 280
TABLE 239 ALSTOM SA: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 280
FIGURE 62 ALSTOM SA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 281
TABLE 240 ALSTOM SA: PRODUCTS OFFERED 281
TABLE 241 ALSTOM SA: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 283
TABLE 242 ALSTOM SA: DEALS 283
TABLE 243 ALSTOM SA: OTHERS 286
13.1.3 SIEMENS AG 288
TABLE 244 SIEMENS AG: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 288
FIGURE 63 SIEMENS AG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 289
TABLE 245 SIEMENS AG: PRODUCTS OFFERED 289
TABLE 246 SIEMENS AG: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 291
TABLE 247 SIEMENS AG: DEALS 292
13.1.4 KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD. 297
TABLE 248 KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 297
FIGURE 64 KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 298
TABLE 249 KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: PRODUCTS OFFERED 298
TABLE 250 KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: DEALS 299
13.1.5 WABTEC CORPORATION 301
TABLE 251 WABTEC CORPORATION: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 301
FIGURE 65 WABTEC CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 302
TABLE 252 WABTEC CORPORATION: PRODUCTS OFFERED 302
TABLE 253 WABTEC CORPORATION: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 304
TABLE 254 WABTEC CORPORATION: DEALS 304
TABLE 255 WABTEC CORPORATION: OTHERS 305
13.1.6 STADLER RAIL AG 307
TABLE 256 STADLER RAIL AG: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 307
FIGURE 66 STADLER RAIL: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 308
TABLE 257 STADLER RAIL AG: PRODUCTS OFFERED 308
TABLE 258 STADLER RAIL AG: DEALS 310
TABLE 259 STADLER RAIL AG: OTHERS 312
13.1.7 CAF GROUP 313
TABLE 260 CAF GROUP: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 313
FIGURE 67 CAF GROUP: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 314
TABLE 261 CAF GROUP: PRODUCTS OFFERED 314
TABLE 262 CONSTRUCCIONES Y AUXILIAR DE FERROCARRILES: DEALS 315
13.1.8 HYUNDAI ROTEM COMPANY 317
TABLE 263 HYUNDAI ROTEM COMPANY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 317
FIGURE 68 HYUNDAI ROTEM COMPANY : COMPANY SNAPSHOT 317
TABLE 264 HYUNDAI ROTEM COMPANY: PRODUCTS OFFERED 318
TABLE 265 HYUNDAI ROTEM COMPANY: DEALS 319
13.1.9 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD. 321
TABLE 266 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 321
FIGURE 69 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 322
TABLE 267 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: PRODUCTS OFFERED 322
TABLE 268 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: DEALS 323
TABLE 269 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.: OTHERS 323
13.1.10 TALGO 324
TABLE 270 TALGO: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 324
FIGURE 70 TALGO: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 325
TABLE 271 TALGO: PRODUCTS OFFERED 325
TABLE 272 TALGO: DEALS 326
13.1.11 TRANSMASHHOLDING 327
TABLE 273 TRANSMASHHOLDING: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 327
TABLE 274 TRANSMASHHOLDING: PRODUCTS OFFERED 327
TABLE 275 TRANSMASHHOLDING: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 329
TABLE 276 TRANSMASHHOLDING: DEALS 329
TABLE 277 TRANSMASHHOLDING: OTHERS 331

13.2 OTHER KEY PLAYERS 332
13.2.1 TOSHIBA 332
TABLE 278 TOSHIBA: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 332
13.2.2 HITACHI 332
TABLE 279 HITACHI: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 332
13.2.3 CHITTARANJAN LOCOMOTIVE WORKS (CLW) 333
TABLE 280 CHITTARANJAN LOCOMOTIVE WORKS (CLW): BUSINESS OVERVIEW 333
13.2.4 TECH MAHINDRA 333
TABLE 281 TECH MAHINDRA: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 333
13.2.5 NIIGATA ENGINEERING CO., LTD 334
TABLE 282 NIIGATA ENGINEERING CO., LTD: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 334
13.2.6 SCOMI GROUP BHD 334
TABLE 283 SCOMI GROUP BHD: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 334
13.2.7 WOOJIN INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS 335
TABLE 284 WOOJIN INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 335
13.2.8 ABB 335
TABLE 285 ABB: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 335
13.2.9 STRUKTON 336
TABLE 286 STRUKTON: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 336
13.2.10 LEGIOS 336
TABLE 287 LEGIOS: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 336
13.2.11 DEUTA-WERKE GMBH 337
TABLE 288 DEUTA-WERKE GMBH: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 337
13.2.12 THALES GROUP 337
TABLE 289 THALES GROUP: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 337
13.2.13 DEUTSCHE BAHN AG 338
TABLE 290 DEUTSCHE BAHN AG: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 338
13.2.14 LAMIFIL 338
TABLE 291 LAMIFIL: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 338
13.2.15 RHOMBERG SERSA RAIL HOLDING GMBH 339
TABLE 292 RHOMBERG SERSA RAIL HOLDING GMBH: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 339
13.2.16 BALFOUR BEATTY 339
TABLE 293 BALFOUR BEATTY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 339
13.2.17 INTAMIN BAHNTECHNIK UND BETRIEBS-MBH & CO KG 340
TABLE 294 INTAMIN BAHNTECHNIK UND BETRIEBS-MBH & CO KG: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 340
13.2.18 AMERICAN EQUIPMENT COMPANY 340
TABLE 295 AMERICAN EQUIPMENT COMPANY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 340
13.2.19 INGETEAM CORPORACIÓN, S.A. 341
TABLE 296 INGETEAM CORPORACIÓN, S.A.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 341
13.2.20 CALAMP 341
TABLE 297 CALAMP: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 341
13.2.21 URBANAUT MONORAIL TECHNOLOGY 342
TABLE 298 URBANAUT MONORAIL TECHNOLOGY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 342
13.2.22 UGL 342
TABLE 299 UGL: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 342
13.2.23 RANDON 343
TABLE 300 RANDON: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 343
13.2.24 SINARA TRANSPORT MACHINES 343
TABLE 301 SINARA TRANSPORT MACHINES: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 343
13.2.25 ALUCAST IRAN 344
TABLE 302 ALUCAST IRAN: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 344
13.2.26 TRINITY INDUSTRIES, INC. 344
TABLE 303 TRINITY INDUSTRIES, INC.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 344
13.2.27 THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES 345
TABLE 304 THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 345
*Details on Business Overview, Products Recent Developments, MnM View might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.
14 RECOMMENDATIONS BY MARKETSANDMARKETS 346
14.1 ASIA OCEANIA WILL BE MAJOR MARKET FOR ROLLING STOCKS GLOBALLY 346
14.2 SURGING DEMAND FOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION HAS DRIVEN DEMAND
FOR WAGONS 347
14.3 INCREASED DEMAND FOR FAST AND EFFICIENT URBAN TRANSPORTATION
HAS FUELED DEMAND FOR SUBWAYS/METROS 347
14.4 CONCLUSIONSS 347
15 APPENDIX 348
15.1 KEY INSIGHTS OF INDUSTRY EXPERTS 348
15.2 DISCUSSION GUIDE 349
15.3 KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 353
15.4 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 355
15.5 RELATED REPORTS 355
15.6 AUTHOR DETAILS 356

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